Yesterday, When I walking post-dinner on the roads of my colony, A boy whom, I didn’t know paid obeisance to me by saying “namaste”. I replied “namaste” with a curious mind of inquiry about this fellow. He immediately asked me “aap kya karte ho”(what do you do?). I said — I am unemployed and still searching for the right area of pursuit. Then, I asked him to tell me something about him. Initially, he told me about his mundane thing, and later he went on to explain his achievements and in the meantime, he had presented very critical views about…


In Quantum Mechanics, the prime determinants of the “physical observable” like momentum, position, etc. is a “State Vector” drawn in Hilbert Space. The state vector in itself is of abstract nature. The Indian State is like “State Vector”, which is driving all the small things of citizens of India, with almost equal abstraction and absence. The Quantum Mechanical State Vector creates the issue of comprehension and intellectual dissonance for few physicists but Indian state abstractness creates chaos, unchecked power, citizen antagonistic governance, perpetual suspicion, and a hostile system.

The Republic of India’s Constitution declares itself as a “liberal democracy”. The…


During my Schooling years in Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Gonda UP, there used to a large number of pamphlets hanging on the walls of the classroom with noble quotes. One the famous quote from Rig Veda, I used to see everyday notably “आ नो भद्रा: क्रतवो यन्तु विश्वत:” or “Let the noble thoughts come from every side”. Then, being ignorant with zero understanding of philosophy along with real disdain for Sanskrit, I was in the rat race for full marks in mathematics and science. I had taken these verses as a pinch of salt. The above quote will sound like classical…


This is an essay on equality. The long debated question for equality, How a fair and just Society would distribute income, wealth, opportunities, honours and offices? Broadly, there are five model of Justice emerges around these question namely Feudalism, Utilitarianism, libertarianism, meritocratic Conception and egalitarianism.

Feudalism says opportunities need to be distributed based on birth, example — Manor System in medieval Europe or Caste System in India.This method of distributing good is based on arbitrary factor like Birth. So, no one is defender of this conception of justice in modern time.

Whereas, Utilitarianism propounded by English Political Philosopher Jeremy Bentham…


One of my minority community friend called me couple of days back. She was very angry on the current government social policies. The conversion between us went on for an hour. I hardly said anything during entire conversation and I was passionately listening to get sense of her fear. One thing, She was constantly iterating that Shri Narendra Modi want to reduced indian constitution to a Brahminical Republic. When I asked her to explain, what did She meant by Brahminical Republic? She responded that Shri Modi want to establish a nation with caste hierarchy under the garb of merit. To…


Elections of five assembly constituencies are round the corner. I have seen few political parties manifestos for upcoming elections. I was flabbergasted to see, how engrained socialist and statist indian political minds are? Almost all of the political parties have promished to provided some thing or other for free. This brings my attention to examine the nature of Indian political economy. Was India always a socialist or welfarist state? I will compare and contrast two ancient emperor namely Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka’s political economy with modern indian republic economic vision.

India’s first large empire came into being under the leadership…


It was in Jan 2015, Then USA President Barak Obama visited India. In on of his speech during the visit, he said this is the nation, which famously says — “World is one family”. Shri Narendra Modi has been quoting above Shloka in his diplomatic meetings since long. This essay is to examine the famous shloka “Vasudhev Kutambkam”. This famous Shloka originates in Mahaupnishad. where the original text states following.

अयं निजः परो वेति गणना लघुचेतसाम् ।उदारचरितानां तु वसुधैव कुटुम्बकम् ॥ — “ayaṃ nijaḥ paro veti gaṇanā laghucetasām । udāracaritānāṃ tu vasudhaiva kuṭumbakam”

Translation — He is mine, he is…

Ashutosh Pandey

Computer Science Engineer & political philosophy

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store